SHAYKH YAHYA BIN NINOWY WEAKENS HADITH ABOUT THE 73 SECTS AND SAYS THAT MANY SCHOLARS SAY IT IS FABRICATED
Dear Respected Mufti Saheb
All Praise due to Allah the Almighty and peace and benedictions upon His Noble Messenger and our Prophet Muhammad r.
What do the true scholars or ‘Ulama-e-Haq say about the following personality who claims to be the leader of the Muslim mass, especially after uttering the following words? What does the pure Shari’ah state in this concern?
Kindly provide us with a comprehensive and authentic reply and also include the relevant citation of Mutaqaddimeen and Muta’akkhireen ‘Ulama as well as of Qur’an, Sunnah, Ijma and Qiyaas-al-A’immah AlArba’ah in this regard.
Khalid said the following:
“16:10 we talk about one body but we want to split the Ummah into million different parties and million different Jamaahs ,, and every Jamaah says I am the right Jamaah and everybody else, NOW THERE IS THAT WEAK HADITH OR
FABRICATED HADITH EVEN! That says 73 sects and we mentioned something about that even and everybody says I
AM THE 7OTH (73RD) AND EVERYONE ELSE TO JAHANNAM!
16:31 AND THE HADITH ANYWAY IS WEAK AND NOT EVEN THAT MANY SCHOLARS SAY IT IS FABRICATED.
16:42: Everybody writes about SECTS, SAYS 73, everybody (is going) in JAHANNAM and I am going to Janah, and they have the keys to Jannah, they have the keys to Jannah, they the last one to go to Jannah they going to lock it up, so nobody goes in …….. this radicalist thinking, and everyone claims that Haq is in his own pocket Haq is my own bag and everyone else hasn’t got any of it (haq).”
Khalid also said the following:
“Today we are in a world that is lacking unconditional compassion. We are in a world that needs love as the Prophet r corrected the gaps and connected the differences. Islam did not come to build cults and groups, Islam came to contribute positively to the world and build earth. Islam did not come to put borders between human beings as better or worse, Islam came to better and encompass and embrace all of the creation, saying that they are all creation of Allah. Therefore I always say any understanding and interpretation of the sacred texts Qur’an and the authentic Sunnah that is not based on unconditional compassion is an illegitimate interpretation! Understanding of the texts that is not based on unconditional love and compassion is an illegitimate interpretation because Allah is Ar-Rahman Ar-Raheem, his Nabi r is Rauf urRaheem and the Qur’an is Shifa and Rahma.
This is our Deen. Come on. The world today my dear beloveds; awaits the Muslims giving them hope and not taking hope away. It awaits them giving them opportunity and giving them growth. We need to live that before we can afford it to others. We need to reach out to the Muhammadan r Sunnah and try to live it. We need to reach out to the ayahs of the Qur’an. Please read the Qur’an, but also try to live the Qur’an. Live it so that you can love it. Reciting it, but not living it necessarily does not do the tricks.”
Reference to his views as follows:
1.) Can it be said that this scholar has totally rejected the 73 Sect Hadith?
2.) Can it be said that this scholar has ridiculed the 73 Sect Hadith?
3.) What is the HUKM (Ruling) placed on the person who rejects the 73 Sect Hadith?
4.) What is the HUKM (Ruling) placed on the person who ridicules the 73 Sect Hadith?
5.) How does these statements uttered by him affect the piety, trustworthiness and truthfulness of this person (NON AQIDA ASPECTS)?
6.) How does this statements uttered by him affect the status of this person as a MUHADDITH?
7.) How does this statements uttered by him affect his status in terms of taking SANADS from him?
8.) Can we consider him as part of AHLUS SUNNAH WAL JAMAAH?
9.) Does Shari’ah consider such a person as deviant (Gumrah or out of Ahlus Sunnah) or Kafir?
10.) As it is said in the next statement which starts from: “Today we are in a world that is lacking unconditional compassion…………” where he is trying to emphasize that we as Muslims are obligated to have unconditional compassion for any tom, dick and harry, be it a Muslim or a Kafir, Mushrik or Munaafiq, Sunni or Bad’ati, in order to understand Qur’an and Hadith; what ground does it stand in pure Shari’ah? Is it a Kalimah of Kufr? Does the one who is preaching this teaching become Kafir or Gumrah? Kindly explain the matter.
11.) Again, in saying, “Islam did not come to build cults and groups” he tried to reject the Hadith of 73 Sects. Please tell us what to do to with such samples of mankind.
Please shed some light on these issues, for the Ummah of Rasoolullah r is being misled by these so-called scholars and Imams.
The Hadith of the Ummah splitting into 73 Sects has been recorded by the Sihah Sitta Muhadditheen and has reached the status of “Hasan Saheeh.” Imam Abdul Qahir Baghdadi has written a lengthy book on this Hadith called al-Faqro bain al-Firq.
Below are the some of the Ahadith from the Sihah Sitta.
The Prophet Muhammad r said, “The Jews were split up into seventy-one or seventy-two Sects; and the Christians were split up into seventy one or seventy-two Sects; and my community will be split up into seventy-three Sects.” [Sunan Abi Dawud, #4596]
The Messenger of Allah r said, “The Jews split into seventy-one Sects, or seventy-two Sects, and the Christians similarly, and my Ummah will split into seventy-three Sects.” [Tirmidhi, #2640]
The Messenger of Allah ( ) said, “The Jews split into seventy-one Sects and my nation will split into seventy-three Sects.” [Ibn Majah, Book 36, Hadith, #4126]
The Messenger of Allah r said:“The Jews split into seventy-one Sects, one of which will be in Paradise and seventy in Hell. The Christians split into seventy-two Sects, seventy-one of which will be in Hell and one in Paradise. I swear by the One Whose Hand is the soul of Muhammad, my nation will split into seventy-three Sects, one of which will be in Paradise and seventy-two in Hell.” It was said: “O Messenger of Allah r, who are they?” He said: “The main body.” [Ibn Majah, Book 36, Hadith #4127]
Abu ‘Amir al-Hawdhani t said: Mu’awiyah b. Abi Sufiyan t stood among us and said: Beware! The Apostle of Allah r stood among us and said: Beware! The people of the Book before were split up into seventy-two Sects, and this community will be split into seventy three: seventy-two of them will go to Hell and one of them will go to Paradise, and it is the majority group. [Sunan Abi Dawud, #4597]
The Messenger of Allah r said: “What befell the children of Isra’il will befall my Ummah, step by step, such that if there was one who had intercourse with his mother in the open, then there would be someone from my Ummah who would do that. Indeed the children of Isra’il split into seventy-two Sects, and my Ummah will split into seventy-three Sects. All of them are in the Fire Except one Sect.” He said: “And which is it O Messenger of Allah r?” He r said: “What I am upon and my Companions.”[Jami` at-Tirmidhi, #2641]
Imam Tirmidhi t has written a complete chapter on the division of the
Ummah between sects and named it as ‘ö I”ãõ ÷ö ö é«ô ëö Õôö —ø Óò ö ÓôŽ ïô ŸŽô ã Ž‘’
(Chapter: What Has Been Related About The Splitting That Will Occur In This Ummah).
In light of the above Ahadith, the answer to the questions are as followed:
1.) The person has not exactly rejected the Hadith as he said “it’s a fabricated or weak Hadith.”
2.) The person has not ridiculed the Hadith but is trying to prove his point by rejecting or weakening the authority of the Hadith. 3.) The person who rejects this Hadith is Gumrah and a Jaahil.
4.) Ridiculing any Hadith, weak or sound, is Kufr, but as answered above, ridicule is not found in the statement.
5.) The statements uttered are against the Qur’anic teaching. The Qur’an clearly says:
“O Prophet! Strive hard against the Unbelievers and the Hypocrites, and be firm against them. Their abode is Hell,- an evil refuge (indeed).” [AtTahrim, 66:09]
6.) He is not aware of the all the Sanads and status of the Hadith, so how can he be regarded as a Muhaddith?
7.) As stated above, the statements stated above are not Kufr. He can issue Sanads.
8.) Yes, he is a part of the Ahl us-Sunnah, as neither Kufr nor Fisq is found.
9.) As stated above, the person is Gumrah and a Jaahil.
10.) Without knowing the exact intention of the speaker who uttered these words, the hukm of Kufr cannot be given. The additional sentences are added by the questioner and not by the speaker himself.
11.) This statement that “Islam did not come to build cults or groups” is correct. People got divided into cults and groups because of differences in beliefs and actions.
And Allah I and His Rasool know best.
Servant of Ulema
Faqeer Qadiri Muhammed Kashif ul-Ansari al-Ridawi Dar ul-Ifta Ihya Academy | Jamiah Hasnain Bangalore.
For further proofs please refer to medetailed and researched 36 pages book as follows